Ramadan is the ninth month in the Islamic calendar (Picture: Getty Images)
Today marks the start of Ramadan, the ninth month in the Islamic calendar.
Muslims across the world will fast during daylight hours for the duration of Ramadan in order to practice self-restraint and feel closer to God.
After Ramadan, Eid al-Fitr is celebrated and Muslims come together to eat and forgive each other.
But how long does Ramadan last? And when is it expected to end in 2023?
Let’s find out.
How long does Ramadan last?
Ramadan lasts for either 29 or 30 days, depending on moon sightings.
Last night, religious leaders spotted a crescent moon in the sky and thus, Ramadan began.
Fasting during Ramadan helps Muslim to feel closer to God (Picture: Getty)
When a new moon is sighted, this will mark the end of Ramadan and the start of the Muslim month of Shawwal.
Many Muslim countries have their own national moon sighting systems so the start and end dates of Ramadan can vary by a day or two, depending on whether the religious leaders in different countries saw the crescent moon or not.
In the UK, we do not have a national moon sighting system so British Muslims follow declarations from Mecca, in Saudi Arabia which is the holiest city in Islam.
This year, the first day of Shawwal will either occur on April 21 or April 22.
The first day of Shawwal is also the festival Eid al-Fitr.
During Eid, Muslims enjoy a feast, and celebrate with family.
It is forbidden to fast during Eid and during the celebration, Muslims are obligated to give to charity.
Eid lasts between one and three days, depending on the country and is a public holiday in many Muslim countries.
What to say to someone during Ramadan and Eid?
During Ramadan, you can say to those that are fasting Ramadan Mubarak or Ramadan Kareem.
In English, this translates to ‘blessed Ramadan’ or ‘generous Ramadan’.
During Eid, you can say ‘Eid Mubarak’ which means ‘blessed Eid’.
If someone says Eid Mubarak to you, you can respond by saying ‘Khair Mubarak’ which wishes goodwill on the person who greeted you.
You can also say ‘JazakAllah Khair’ which means thank you, but literally translates as ‘May Allah reward you with goodness’.
Ramadan 2023 London times and dates
Thursday, March 23: 4.20am, 6.20pm
Friday, March 24: 4.18am, 6.22pm
Saturday, March 25: 4.15am, 6.24pm
Sunday, March 26: 5.14am, 7.25pm
Monday, March 27: 5.12am, 7.27pm
Tuesday, March 28: 5.11am, 7.29pm
Wednesday, March 29: 5.08am, 7.30pm
Thursday, March 30: 5.06am, 7.32pm
Friday, March 31: 5.05am, 7.34pm
Saturday, April 1: 5.02am, 7.35pm
Sunday, April 2: 5am, 7.37pm
Monday, April 3: 4.58am, 7.39pm
Tuesday, April 4: 4.56am, 7.40pm
Wednesday, April 5: 4.53am, 7.42pm
Thursday, April 6: 4.51am, 7.44pm
Friday, April 7: 4.49am, 7.45pm
Saturday, April 8: 4.47am, 7.47pm
Sunday, April 9: 4.45am, 7.49pm
Monday, April 10: 4.42am, 7.51pm
Tuesday, April 11: 4.40am, 7.52pm
Wednesday, April 12: 4.38am, 7.54pm
Thursday, April 13: 4.36am, 7.56pm
Friday, April 14: 4.34am, 7.57pm
Saturday, April 15: 4.31am, 7.59pm
Sunday, April 16: 4.29am, 8.01pm
Monday, April 17: 4.27am, 8.02pm
Tuesday, April 18: 4.24am, 8.04pm
Wednesday, April 19: 4.22am, 8.06pm
Thursday, April 20: 4.20am, 8.07pm
Friday, April 21: 4.17am, 8.09pm.
MORE : London’s first ever Ramadan lights are switched on
MORE : Five tips for how to sleep better during Ramadan
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