Mohammad Rasoulof’s film about capital punishment has won the top prize at the Berlin International Film Festival.
The Iranian director was banned from directing in 2017. He produced There Is No Evil, his sixth film, in secret.
But the director is unable to travel outside of Iran because of charges relating to his earlier films.
Mr Rasoulf’s daughter Baran – who stars in the film, received the Golden Bear on his behalf.
There Is No Evil
Jury president Jeremy Irons said the film showed “the web an authoritarian regime weaves among ordinary people, drawing them towards inhumanity.”
The film tells four stories about the death penalty in Iran.
The director addressed a news conference by video call, explaining that There Is No Evil was about “people taking responsibility.”
“I wanted to talk about the people who push responsibility away from themselves and say that the decision is taken by higher powers,” he said. “But they can actually say no, and that’s their strength.”
“The story of each part of the film is based on my own experience,” Mr Rasoulof said in an interview with the Berlin festival.
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He said one of the film’s four episodes came about after he saw a man, who had interrogated him while he was in prison, coming out of a bank.
After following the man for a while, “I realised how normal he was and how much he resembled all other people. I realised that there was no monster involved, there was no evil in front of me, just a person who has not questioned his own actions.”
According to international rights groups, hundreds of people are executed every year in Iran.
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